KARGIL WAR 1999

 KARGIL War:

The KARGIL War was an armed conflict which took place in the year 1999, between India and Pakistan, from May to July, in the district of KARGIL of Jammu and Kashmir, along the Line of Control (LOC). 

The KARGIL War was also named the Operation Vijay, because the Indian Army cleared up all the KARGIL sector.

There was an another operation with codename Operation Safed Sagar, which was aimed at clearing the vacated Indian positions along the LOC(Line of Control), where the Pakistani troops were cleared out by Indian Army along with the collaboration of the Indian Air Force.

The infiltration of Pakistani troops without their original identity acting as the Kashmiri militants, was the main reason behind the KARGIL conflict.

LOC is the de facto border between the two states of Kashmir.

Firstly during some of the early stages, the Kashmiri insurgents were completely responsible for this war, but the papers left away by casualties, and by the Prime Minister and the Chief of Army Staff that the complete involvement was of Pakistani Paramilitary Forces, which was led by General Ashraf Rashid.

Location of KARGIL:

Before 1947(Partition of India), KARGIL was LADAKH's tehsil, with diverse linguistic, various religious groups, ethnic groups, who were living in the isolated valleys, with some world's highest mountains.



The INDO-PAKISTANI War, which was held between 1947-1948, concluded with the LOC, which bisects the LADAKH district, with the Skardu Tehsil, which goes to Pakistan, which is now the part of Gilgit-Balistan.

In the respect of the boundary India and Pakistan together signed the Simla Agreement, which promised that no country would be engaged in such armed conflict, while all this happened at Pakistan was defeated in the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971.

About 205km from Srinagar, is the town of KARGIL, which faces the Northern areas of the Line of Control. 

The climate of KARGIL is the same as all continental areas, summer are cool which has the frigid nights, whereas, winters are chilly with temperatures dropping down from −48 °C (−54 °F). 

War Progress:

3 May 1999

The local shepherds reported that there was Pakistani intrusion in the KARGIL district.

5 May 1999

A crew of Indian Soldiers were sent to clarify the earlier reports, in which 5 Indian soldiers were subsequently captured and killed.

9 May 1999

Indian bunkers were destroyed with the heavy shelling of the Pakistani army.

10 May 1999

In  Dras, Kaksar, Mushkoh many infiltrations of the Pakistani troops were confirmed.

Mid May

More soldiers from the Kashmir Valley moved to the KARGIL district.

26 May 1999

Airstrikes began on the suspected inflator positions by the Indian Air Force.

27 May 1999

IAF Mig-21, and one IAF Mig-27 aircrafts were shot by Anza surface to air-missiles, which were the part of the Air Defense Corp's of the Pakistan's Army. 

28 May 1999

Four members of the Indian Army were killed, when one MI-17 was shot by the Pakistani forces.

1 June 1999

Pakistan army started shelling operations on NH-1 highway in Kashmir and LADAKH.

5 June 1999

Three documents were released by India, which were collected from 3 Pakistani soldiers, which clearly depicts the involvement of Pakistan in the conflict.

6 June 1999

Major attack was started by the Indian Army in KARGIL.

9 June 1999

Two key positions of the Batalik sector were re-captured by the Indian Army.

11 June 1999

The intercepts of conversation by Indian Army were released which recorded the voice of Chief of Army Staff General Parvez Musharraf, who had a visit to China, and CGS Lt. General Aziz Khan, who was in Rawalpindi, which clearly proofs that Pakistan was involved in all the army conflict.

13 June 1999

After the fierce battle which were backed up the militias of Pakistan, India secured Tololing in Dras.

15 June 1999

Bill Clinton, the President of United States, forced the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif, to immediately stop all the irregularities going on in KARGIL.

29 June 1999

The pressure from the Federal Government, Pakistani forces started withdrawing themselves from Kashmir, whereas Indian Army moves towards Tiger Hill.

4 July 1999

After almost 12 hours of fighting, the three Indian regiments, Sikh, Grenadiers and Naga were recaptured by Indian forces while the remaining Pakistani Northern Light Infantry were engaged by the Indian forces.

5 July 1999

Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif finally announced the withdrawal of Pakistani troops from KARGIL after the meeting with POTUS Bill Clinton, whereas India takes control over Dras.

7 July 1999

Jubar heights in Batalik got re-captured by India.

11 July 1999

India's key peak points were again in the hands of Indian Army, while the Pakistani troops were kept engaged.

14 July 1999

Operation Vijay was declared success by India's Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The conditions were set to talk with Pakistan by India.

26 July 1999

KARGIL WAR finally comes to an end.

AWARDS: included 4 Param Vir Chakra and about 11 Mahavir Chakra, which were given to the Army men of India.

               Param Vir Chakra                                                                            Mahavir Chakra
 

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